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Enugus Poverty Problem

Think about where you live. Imagine that three out of the five people you know live in extreme poverty. That can be somewhat comparable to Enugu. Founded in 1991, Enugu State is better known as plainly, Enugu. Nicknamed the coal city, Enugu is known for its cuisine, local wine, and of course, coal. Enugu is one of the poorest cities in the world, where roughly 63% of citizens live in extreme poverty. This results in a large homeless population and poor wages. These low wages must be stopped immediately, as well as the amount of homelessness in Enugu.
The amount of homelessness in Enugu is shocking. A study done in 2010 showed that well over half of Enugu’s population is living in absolute poverty. Absolute poverty is defined as, "a condition characterized by severe deprivation of basic human needs, including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education, and information. It depends not only on income but also on access to services" (The Nigeria Poverty Profile 5). That means that absolute poverty is a fact. If certain standards are not met (like the ones shown above), it is a fact that you live in poverty, whether you think you do or not. On the other hand, Subjective Poverty is defined as, "When you consider yourself or others to be poor. In 2010, 93.9% of Enugu’s population said they lived in Subjective poverty" (The Nigeria Poverty Profile 5). Subjective Poverty is how someone sees their own lifestyle, as well as others around them. It is strictly one’s own opinions and views. People who live in poverty contributed significantly to statistics taken by researchers in Enugu. These researchers take statistics about things that can alter lives, such as, "Dropping out of high school going through child labor" (The Nigeria Poverty Profile 3). Also that, "Poverty encourages young people to turn to drugs" ("Abia Gov Decries"). In Enugu, the rates for child labor, dropping out of high school, and the use and culture of drugs, are alarmingly high for the youth that live there. If those children lived in America, everyone’s lives would look unrecognizable. But high school dropouts, child labor, and drugs aren’t the only reasons that put roots in the poverty tree.
Another reason why there are heaps of people in poverty in Enugu is a result of the very low pay. Different people define poverty in a multitude of different ways. One definition defines poverty as, "the proportion of those living on less than US$1 per day poverty line. Applying this approach, 51.6% of Nigerians were living below US$1 per day in 2004, but this increased to 61.2% in 2010" (The Nigeria Poverty Profile 5). Those numbers have continued to rise since 2010, making the number of people who live on one dollar a day or less greater and greater. A large number of people think living on a dollar a day is poverty, but one of the categories from a study done in 2010 showed that they used Relative Poverty to define it (The Nigeria Poverty Profile 5). Relative Poverty is, "the condition in which people lack the minimum amount of income needed in order to maintain the average standard of living in a society in which they live" (The Nigeria Poverty Profile 4). This mirrors absolute poverty, but relative poverty is not as extreme as relative poverty. The question that needs to be asked, is how do we fix the poverty problem?
Fixing the poverty problem is something people have been trying to do for years now. It has even been recommended that the best way out of poverty is to build a more efficient economy and to keep a close eye on it. When civilians do not have the money to participate in extra activities or hobbies, let alone their everyday needs and standards, the economy will fall apart, as is happening now. The recommendation to build a better economy was not brushed aside: "The way out of the ineffective poverty reduction programme in Enugu State is the effective monitoring mechanism and the creation of an enabling environment for wealth creation and employment generation" (Dilichukwu). Even the governor has spoken out about it: "Governor Okezie Ikpeazu of Abia State has decreed the high rate of poverty in the country, saying it is high time concerted efforts were addressed by government at all levels to reduce the nagging issue" ("Abia Gov Decries"). He has spoken also out about the social status as well as the economic status in Enugu: "The governor noted that the social and economic status of most Nigerians was below average, pointing out that the situation had been aggravated by lack of skills and employment opportunities, adding that in a bid to fight these and other frustrations, young people and even older ones resort to drugs for succour" ("Abia Gov Decries"). Something that is being done to fix it, is, "Ikpeazu identified measures taken by his government to address the problem to include creation of multiple jobs, investing in trade and commerce, oil and gas as well as industry and education." ("Abia Gov Decries"). They are trying to solve the problem by creating more jobs, investing, and trading, but most are skeptical and feel that is not enough. This is a significant problem in Enugu that needs to be taken care of.
The poverty problem in Enugu is one that has existed for a long time. Enugu is one of the poorest cities in the world, where roughly 63% of citizens live in extreme poverty. The three main reasons are the amount of homelessness in Enugu, showing why it is such an immense problem; why pay is so low, showing why they must be raised; and what can be done to fix it. Enugu State is in extreme poverty and has been for some time. Nevertheless, something needs to be done to fix it. Soon.
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